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You can change your ad preferences anytime. Upcoming SlideShare. Like this presentation? Why not share! Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Published in: Education. Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Abhishek Gupta. Maitri Patel. Mukul Rai. Show More.If you were to divide the abdomen with three lines running both vertically and horizontally, you would have the following regions:. If three lines were too many and you wanted to break things down into two lines — four boxes or quadrants, rather than nine, you can break them down into the following:.
Pain and tenderness in this area can be caused by conditions such as cholecystitis, hepatitis, and also the beginnings of a peptic ulcer. If you were suffering with appendicitis, for example, the pain and tenderness would be localised to the right lower quadrant. In both sexes you will find the sigmoid and bottom section of the colon.
If you have abdominal pain, it is likely to come from the lower left quadrant, and it could be a sign of a number of conditions, including colitis, ureteral colic, or diverticulitis. Pelvic inflammation such as is found with pelvic inflammatory disease and ovarian cysts can also cause pain in this area, and even tumours associated with cancers, including colon and ovarian cancer.
March 3, There are three layers to the abdomen, and they are known as the muscle, superficial fascia, and the skin. Within the abdomen itself, there are some organs that are considered to be major organs, and because of this, it needs to well protected and taken care of. When looking at the abdomen from the front of the body, it can be broken down into nine main regions, almost like a criss-cross board with lines running both horizontally and vertically.
When visiting a doctor, the medical professional will usually working within the 9 regions of the abdomen to work out what is causing your pain and discomfort or symptoms, and this will be systematic. There are 9 abdomen regions or Stomach Regions …. Healthmad Team. Leave A Comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.If you aspire to be a healthcare professional in the future, this is a topic you must learn.
For instance, when nurses perform abdominal inspection and assessment, the abdominal region is divided into four quadrants and nine regions. For aspiring nurses and other healthcare professionals, listen up.
Communication and documentation with the medical team require the knowledge of the abdominal quadrants. So this is a MUST-learn topic. This article will discuss the four abdominal quadrants, nine abdominal regions, and the organs located in the area. The transverse plane, others call it a transumbilical plane, divides the lower and upper quadrants. The median plane, also known as the midsagittal plane, divides the left and right quadrant.
It is not the perspective of the healthcare professional. This should not be mixed up as it may lead to a misdiagnosed disease. Or worse, potential complications on the patient.
Four Abdominal Quadrants and Nine Abdominal Regions
Now that you know the four abdominal quadrants, it is time to learn the organs located in the area. Why is this important? Pain in a specific region is indicative of an underlying disease. Imagine this table as the four abdominal quadrants.1449 usd to inr
Organs may overlap the four quadrants. For instance, the large and small intestines are located on all four quadrants.
Aside from the four abdominal quadrants, there are more detailed sections. These are the nine abdominal regions. Draw two imaginary parasagittal planes, trace an imaginary line in between the clavicles. This is also known as the midclavicular bones. Then another two imaginary horizontal planes also known as the transverse planes. It is also vital to remember prefixes and suffixes in the medical field. This saves you time in memorizing once you understand the prefix and suffixes.
It also helps if you know the muscles or bones of the body. There will be a slight change in the prefix and suffix. Like in the nine abdominal regions, these are named after the nearest bones in the region. To understand more, here is Table 1 divided into nine parts. Imagine the abdominal area divided into these nine regions.The nine abdominal regions divide the abdomen into even smaller sections by using two parasagittal planes that run down the middle of the clavicle bones also called midclavicular planes and two horizontal transverse planes.
The superior transverse plane is called the subcostal plane, and it is located just below the ribs. The intertubercular plane is the inferior transverse planeand it intersects the tubercles of the pelvis, running just inferior to the navel. Remember, a huge tip for studying anatomy is to learn common prefixes and suffixes, as they will help you over and over again! That takes care of the left and right columns. Unlike the regions on the left and right side columns, these regions are named after their location relative to the stomachnot the bones.
If you need a quick memory trick to keep these regions straight, remember that for the side columns, the names are the same from top to bottom: Hypochondriac, then Lumbar, and then Iliac HLI.
Each abdominal quadrant contains different organs and has different medical conditions associated with it. All Rights Reserved.Matlab font name times new roman
Remember, umbilical should be the dead giveaway, as it relates to your navel umbilicus. It could be your typical menstrual pain or it could be an ovarian cyst.
The division into four quadrants allows the localisation of pain and tenderness, scars, lumps, and other items of interest, narrowing in on which organs and tissues may be involved. Most of the anatomical structures that will produce pain and tenderness in this region are not in fact in the concavity of the ileum.
In addition, diseases that occur in the abdomen may be identified based on the location of the problem, ranging from the skin to the muscles and organs underneath. What are the organs in the epigastric region? PurposeGames lets you create and play games. Join the nursing revolution. When properly exercised, abdominal muscles contribute to improved posture and balance, reduce the likelihood of back pain episodes, reduce the severity of back pain, protect against injury by responding efficiently to stresses, help avoid some back surgeries, and help with the healing of back problems, or after spine surgery.
Which organ is in the lower right side of the abdomen in a female? Just above the pubic spines on either side are the external abdominal rings, which are openings in the muscular wall of the abdomen through which the spermatic cord emerges in the male, and through which an inguinal hernia may rupture.
Pain in a specific region is indicative of an underlying disease. NOTE: When you hit submit, it will refresh this same page. The urinary bladder, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries may be seen as either abdominal organs or as pelvic organs. What are the causes of hernia in the abdomen? This abdominal regions and quadrants quiz will test your knowledge on the regions and quadrants of the body for anatomy and physiology. In arthropods the abdomen is built up of a series of upper plates known as tergites and lower plates known as sternites, the whole being held together by a tough yet stretchable membrane.
What causes pain in left quadrant of abdomen? Surface landmarks are important in the examination of the abdomen.Skyblock addons beta features
They originate at the pubis bone, run up the abdomen on either side of the linea alba, and insert into the cartilages of the fifth, sixth, and seventh ribs. Classically, quadrants are described as the left upper, left lower, right upper, and right lower.
Unlike other arthropods, insects possess no legs on the abdomen in adult form, though the Protura do have rudimentary leg-like appendages on the first three abdominal segments, and Archaeognatha possess small, articulated "styli" which are sometimes considered to be rudimentary appendages. Add to favorites 17 favs. The abdomen is sometimes highly modified.
The rectus abdominis is enclosed in a thick sheath, formed as described above, by fibers from each of the three muscles of the lateral abdominal wall. What are the causes of stiffness and tightness in the entire upper abdomen upto the ribs? The answer is c, on the upper middle region of the abdomen. Where is the epigastric region located?
If we divide abdomen into regions then in nine quadrants of abdomen there will be three regions in abdomen and these will be upper region, Central region and lower or bottom region and each region will contain 3 quadrants of abdomen.
Total Points. Each of the 9 abdomen regions hold their own important organs: Right hypcochondrium — Small intestine, right kidney, gallbladder, liver Left hypochondrium — Pancreas, left kidney, colon, spleen Epigastrium — Adrenal glands, spleen, pancreas, duodenum, liver, stomach The abdominal muscles have different important functions.
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You can change your ad preferences anytime. Anatomy of abdomen and regions of trunk. Upcoming SlideShare. Like this presentation? Why not share! Introduction abdomen-dr. Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Faarah YusufWorking at Sanaag Follow. Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views.Lig Turkey All Matches Home FormAverage Points Per GamePPG playing at HomeMax.
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The 4 Quadrants and 9 Regions of The Abdomen
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Manufacturers want to work smarter using digital technologies in their products and processes and throughout the value chain. Even now, manufacturers that are able to apply new technologies to pull away from the pack experiencing double-digit growth in productivity, market share, and revenue, while others are flat or declining. In addition to digital transformation, key themes woven into our worldwide manufacturing top 10 predictions for 2017 include the need for new ways of innovating, more integrated IT and operational technology (OT), business security, and rethinking the future of work.
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In the first fixture of the Super-Playoffs of the Pro Kabaddi League Season 5, it will be an eliminator match between the Puneri Paltan and UP Yoddha to progress onto the next stage and it will be held at the Dome, NSCI in Mumbai. The two teams finished second and third in Zone A and Zone B to seal their spot in the knockouts.
Puneri Paltan is coming into this match on the back of a one-point loss against the Gujarat Fortunegiants from Friday evening while UP Yoddha slumped to a big 64-24 defeat against the Bengaluru Bulls in their last fixture, but the team had fielded a second string side in that match having qualified for the playoffs.
The two teams have clashed against each other just once earlier in the league and the match turned out to be an edge-of-the-seat thriller with Puneri Paltan coming out on top by a slender margin of just one point.
When it comes to the attack, the UP Yoddha have an upper hand over Puneri Paltan given their duo of frontline raiders, Nitin Tomar and Rishank Devadiga who have picked up over 320 points between themselves.
Moreover, they have a cushion in the presence of Surender Singh, who plays as the third raider and is in prime form with a couple of consecutive Super-10 outings. Their defence is primarily manned by Jeeva Kumar in the cover position with the young Sagar Krishna and Nitesh Kumar in either corner, both of whom have given some stellar performances over the course of the season. To complete the starting seven, Gurvinder Singh or Pankaj might be included in the scheme of things, to add depth to the defence.
Puneri Paltan, on the other hand, relies majorly on their skipper, Deepak Hooda to do the bulk of the raiding and if he is to be rendered out of the equation the team will be in deep trouble.
Rajesh Mondal does thrive in pressure situations but has not been able to single-handedly rip apart the rival defence. Sandeep Narwal and Girish Ernak have been stellar as corner defenders and will look to continue in the same fashion. Young guns Monu and Rinku Narwal, both able all-rounders will also take to the mat alongside the veteran Dharmaraj Cheralathan.
UP may have a slight advantage with their attack and if their defence comes to the party as well, they can well be able to keep Puneri Paltan at bay by primarily keeping Deepak Hooda and Monu off the mat for long periods of time. Will the Pune defence be able to stop the UP attack.
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